1. Essence | 2.
Frameworks | 3. Skills | 4.
Process ideas | 5. Resources
Facilitation is "making things easier".
In the context of workshops
and meetings facilitation is the process a facilitator uses
to help a group of people achieve their purpose.
role of the facilitator includes:
the purpose of the meeting
a safe environment
people understand the process
participants work on their issues and their concerns
power relations - ie, democratic processes
so it is possible to feed back to the group what has been said in
a way that make sense of all the emerging pieces
the group working on real issues
commitment to action (when appropriate)
The role is not
Role of the facilitator is not to:
on the agenda of an individual in a position of power to the exclusion
of others’ agendas - the facilitator should be
working for everyone in the group.
lists that don’t go anywhere.
- Let the participants stay in comfort zones to avoid real issues.
of good facilitation
based on explicit values .
based on a explicit role for the facilitator.
- Starts from where people are at.
not dominated by models & frameworks.
- Enables the group to work on both emotional and rational levels.
true to the natural processes at work (eg, fits the timetable to
where people achieve
something together and feel they have achieved something
and language to keep in mind
facilitating groups it is often useful to have in the back of one’s
mind frameworks that might help make sense of what is happening. The
frameworks should not dominate the process but may help make sense of
what is happening and the issues that emerge.
useful frameworks in relation to groups, teams and group processes
- Team roles
- Individual preferences and differences
- Group processes
also needed in relation to the content of what is being worked
on. For example, a planning workshop will need frameworks for
thinking about planning, an evaluation workshop will need frameworks
for thinking about evaluation.
Internal - external facilitator
do you need an external facilitator? When you can’t achieve the
role of facilitator with an internal person. For example when
there are significant differences between the participants in:
of the key issues
it may be useful
to have an independent person.